## Thursday, October 30, 2014

### Implementing Rotary Encoders in an Touch screen LCD.

A feature I wanted the Enigma Arduino Simulator to have was to slide in a circular motion to change the Enigma Uhr and the ring settings for the rotors.

To do so, I created the following function.

char RotaryButton(INT8U clickX, INT16U clickY, INT8U cX, INT16U cY, byte minR, byte maxR, byte steps)

It takes as parameters, the location of a click, the center of the circular control, the minimum and maximum radius of the area that will be recognized to drag in a circular motion and how many steps will a full rotation consist of.

The function uses pithagoras, to calculate C, the distance from (clickX,clickY) to the center of the circle (cX,cY).

http://betterexplained.com/articles/measure-any-distance-with-the-pythagorean-theorem/

If the distance C is between the minimum and maximum radius accepted, then another algorithm compares (clickX,clickY) with the X,Y coordinates received the last time the function was called. The distance from the current (clickX,clickY) to the previous (clickX,clickY) is computed using pithagoras and then both coordinates are sent to a series of decision functions to see if this distance is going to be used to increment the step counter or decrement it.

To make the increment/decrement decision, the circle is divided in four sections, left and right of a vertical line running through the center of the circle and above and below a horizontal line running through the center of the circle.

For the section to the left of the center, if the new Y value is bigger than the previous Y value (new Y is below old Y and to the left of center), the slider is being rotated counter clockwise.

For the section to the right of the center, if the new Y is bigger than the previous Y (new Y is below old Y and to the right of center), the slider is being rotated clockwise.

Each of those detection sections vote by either increment the "inc" or "dec" variables. At the end, if the "inc" counter is greater than the "dec" counter and the distance exceeds a threshold, a +1 is returned.

The voting algorithm results in a robust detection of the user intentions when rotating around the circle.

You can download the sketch called EnigmaRotaryEncoder.ino from the folder below so you can see how this works.

1. 